Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 1
Lubricant Storage, Stability & Estimated Shelf Life
Most lubricating oils and greases deteriorate with time. However, good storage practices promote sufficient stock turnover so that lubricants are used before performance loss occurs.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 2
What About Water?
Chevron’s FAST™ Service is a comprehensive equipment condition monitoring program which reports the condition of oil in service and plots the trends of important properties, including presence of water.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 3
Most laboratories in the oil industry are equipped with an emission spectrometer (ICP-AES or rotating disk spectroscopy), which can be used for analyzing impurities in marine lubricants.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 4
Lubricating oils for modern diesel engines are not only designed to provide adequate lubrication under varying temperatures and operating conditions, they also keep the engine clean and provide protection against chemical corrosion from acidic combustion products. These important properties are “added” to the lubricating oil by means of alkaline additives often referred to as detergents and dispersants.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 5
Cleanliness of Hydraulic Oils
The hydraulic systems onboard every vessel range from small systems for operating the engine room skylight to huge central systems to operate cargo pumps, deck machinery, and steering gears. Common in these systems is the hydraulic oil used to transport “fluid power” to the equipment.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 6
The first and most important task of lubricating oil is to keep moving metal parts separated from each other, thus avoiding metal-to-metal contact, which leads to destructive wear. Even finely machined metal surfaces have a certain roughness.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 7
Often when switching from one supplier to another, the question arises whether lubricants in use and in storage can safely be mixed with lubricants from the new supplier. Some oils are incompatible because of differences in additive chemistry. If these oils are mixed, insoluble material may form and be deposited in the oil system.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 8
Mineral base oil and synthetic lubricants are widely available, especially those used in industrial lubrication applications, and they have many applications onboard ships. It is important to select the right lubricant for your hydraulic system.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 9
Wire Rope Lubrication
Vessel lubrication charts often list products suitable for general lubrication onboard a ship. One product frequently listed is a lubricant used to protect steel wire ropes.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 10
Cetus® DE 100 Application Guidelines
Cetus® DE 100 is a synthetic lubricant used to lubricate piston air compressors. It is formulated with diester-based fluid and exhibits a high degree of inherent detergency that keeps compressor parts clean and in service. The lubricant is miscible with nondetergent mineral or PAO-based compressor oils, such as Chevron’s Compressor Oil EP VDL or Cetus PAO synthetic compressor oil.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 12
Marine Industry Greases
Grease lubricants have many applications onboard marine vessels; they provide sealing and retention on lubricated parts. Unlike oil lubricants, grease does not require frequent replenishment and, in open systems, it is used to coat surfaces where it is impractical to use oil.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 13
Solvent-extracted bright stock, with a viscosity in the range of 28.0 to 35.0 mm2/s (cSt) at 100ºC, is often used in higher-viscosity grade lubricants such as slow-speed engine cylinder oils. The old “bright stock is bad” belief can no longer be confirmed.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 14
Polyester-Based Synthetic Refrigeration Oils
Capella® HFC (polyolester) synthetic oil helps ship owners address environmental issues and regulations and minimize the number of different lubricating oils used onboard. Specifically developed for use with HFC (chlorine-free) refrigerants, such as R134a and R404a, Capella HFC exhibits excellent performance in HFC systems.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 15
Complete Guide to Havoline® XLI
Section 1 of this guide provides instruction on using Havoline® XLI for the first time, or changing over the system from another cooling water treatment to Havoline XLI. Section 2 provides guidelines for monitoring and recording important parameters of the cooling water during service.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 16
Hydraulic Fluid Changeover Procedure
When switching suppliers, the question often arises on how to best transition from one hydraulic fluid to another. Some hydraulic fluids are incompatible, and may cause foaming, filter plugging, poor water separability or other performance issues if mixed.
Marine Lubricants Information Bulletin 11
Veritas® 800 Marine 20: Reforming System Oil Viscosity
Most modern marine slow-speed diesel engines use a system oil with a viscosity of SAE 30, such as Veritas® 800 Marine 30.